This page would feature work done by Children in class or as part of special projects. It could be original composition or compilation work. The idea is to encourage them to read, write and love their work and be proud of themselves.
The first post in this section is by Shrey of Std IX. Shrey is proud of his heritage, is lively and loves to read.
If you spot an error in facts or figures, please do scream in the comment box below! 🙂 And let the team know if you like it, we like to know what you think. Thanks for visiting, do come again. 🙂
PROUD TO BE INDIAN – zero,chess,navigation – The Indian Legacy
“What makes a nation, is the past, what justifies one nation against others is the past”, says the noted historian Eric Hobsbawm.
Hence, when talking of a nation, it becomes very imperative that the past should also be talked about. And the past of India is as fascinating and interesting as it is momentous.
The official Sanskrit name for India is Bharat. India has been called Bharat even in Satya Yuga (Golden Age)
How We got Our Name: India
1) The name ‘India’ is derived from the name of River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name ‘Hindustan’ combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus.
Indian Contribution to Mathematics
1) The number system was invented by India. Aryabhatta was the scientist who invented the digit zero.
2) Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies which originated in India.Quadratic equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century.
3) The place value system and the decimal system were developed in 100 BC in India.
4) Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. His calculations was – Time taken by earth to orbit the sun : (5th century) 365.258756484 days.
5) The value of “pi” was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, which was long before the
6) The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C. during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera : 10* 12 ( 10 to the power of 12).
Sanskrit Origin of ALL Major Languages of the World
Sanskrit is considered as the mother of all higher languages. A lot of the major languages of the world including English, Russian, Italian seem to be rooted in Sanskrit.
The art of Navigation and navigating was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word ‘Navigation’ is derived from the Sanskrit word Navgatih. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nou’/’av’.
Indians Invented Chess, Snkaes & Ladders
1) Chess was invented in India.
2) The game of snakes and ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called ‘Mokshapat’. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. Later through time, the game underwent several modifications but the meaning is the same i.e. good deeds take us to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.
3) The world’s highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh.
4)Built in 1983 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.
The First University of the World
The world’s first university was established in Takshila (Taxila) in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The university of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
The Bally Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh Valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982.
The World’s First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara temple at Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu. The shikhara is made from a single ’80 tone’ piece of granite. Also, this magnificent temple was built in just five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola.
Sushruta is regarded as the father of surgery Over 2600 years ago Sushruta & his team conducted complicated surgeries like cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones and also plastic surgery and brain surgeries.
Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion metabolism, physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts.
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The father of medicine, chakra, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
Until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world. (Source, Gemological Institute of America)
Other Great Facts about My Country
India has the most post offices in the world !
The largest employer in the world is the Indian railway system, employing over a million people !
Although modern images and descriptions of India often show poverty, India was one of the richest countries till the time of British in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by India’s wealth and was looking for route to India when he discovered America by mistake.
Nadir Shah invaded the temple of Somnath in Gujarat seventeen times for its gold and diamonds!
The first six Mogul Emperors of India ruled in an unbroken succession from father to son for two hundred years, from 1526 to 1707.
India is the Largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest country in the world AND one of the most ancient and living civilizations ( at least 10,000 years old).
Compilation & Research by: Shrey Pratap Singh, Std. IX, Udgam School For Children, Ahmedabad.